What is FASD?

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)

is an umbrella term describing the range of effects caused by prenatal alcohol exposure, or drinking alcohol during pregnancy. Alcohol is a teratogen which affects the frontal lobe of the brain, among other things. This area of the brain controls decision making, judgment, problem solving, and generalized learning. As a result, people with an FASD may have social and developmental delays, a slower processing pace, taking longer to understand something or think of an answer, a short attention span, memory problems, poor judgment and problem solving skills, difficulty predicting outcomes, trouble connecting actions and consequences, and poor impulse control. They may have physical, mental, behavioral, and/or learning disabilities with possible lifelong implications.